ICU 54.1  54.1
 All Data Structures Namespaces Files Functions Variables Typedefs Enumerations Enumerator Friends Macros Groups Pages
Namespaces | Typedefs | Enumerations | Functions
uregex.h File Reference

C API: Regular Expressions. More...

#include "unicode/utext.h"
#include "unicode/utypes.h"
#include "unicode/localpointer.h"
#include "unicode/parseerr.h"

Go to the source code of this file.

Namespaces

namespace  icu
 File coll.h.

Typedefs

typedef struct URegularExpression URegularExpression
 Structure representing a compiled regular expression, plus the results of a match operation.
typedef enum URegexpFlag URegexpFlag
 Constants for Regular Expression Match Modes.
typedef UBool URegexMatchCallback (const void *context, int32_t steps)
 Function pointer for a regular expression matching callback function.
typedef UBool URegexFindProgressCallback (const void *context, int64_t matchIndex)
 Function pointer for a regular expression find callback function.

Enumerations

enum  URegexpFlag {
  UREGEX_CANON_EQ = 128, UREGEX_CASE_INSENSITIVE = 2, UREGEX_COMMENTS = 4, UREGEX_DOTALL = 32,
  UREGEX_LITERAL = 16, UREGEX_MULTILINE = 8, UREGEX_UNIX_LINES = 1, UREGEX_UWORD = 256,
  UREGEX_ERROR_ON_UNKNOWN_ESCAPES = 512
}
 Constants for Regular Expression Match Modes. More...

Functions

URegularExpressionuregex_open (const UChar *pattern, int32_t patternLength, uint32_t flags, UParseError *pe, UErrorCode *status)
 Open (compile) an ICU regular expression.
URegularExpressionuregex_openUText (UText *pattern, uint32_t flags, UParseError *pe, UErrorCode *status)
 Open (compile) an ICU regular expression.
URegularExpressionuregex_openC (const char *pattern, uint32_t flags, UParseError *pe, UErrorCode *status)
 Open (compile) an ICU regular expression.
void uregex_close (URegularExpression *regexp)
 Close the regular expression, recovering all resources (memory) it was holding.
URegularExpressionuregex_clone (const URegularExpression *regexp, UErrorCode *status)
 Make a copy of a compiled regular expression.
const UCharuregex_pattern (const URegularExpression *regexp, int32_t *patLength, UErrorCode *status)
 Returns a pointer to the source form of the pattern for this regular expression.
UTexturegex_patternUText (const URegularExpression *regexp, UErrorCode *status)
 Returns the source text of the pattern for this regular expression.
int32_t uregex_flags (const URegularExpression *regexp, UErrorCode *status)
 Get the match mode flags that were specified when compiling this regular expression.
void uregex_setText (URegularExpression *regexp, const UChar *text, int32_t textLength, UErrorCode *status)
 Set the subject text string upon which the regular expression will look for matches.
void uregex_setUText (URegularExpression *regexp, UText *text, UErrorCode *status)
 Set the subject text string upon which the regular expression will look for matches.
const UCharuregex_getText (URegularExpression *regexp, int32_t *textLength, UErrorCode *status)
 Get the subject text that is currently associated with this regular expression object.
UTexturegex_getUText (URegularExpression *regexp, UText *dest, UErrorCode *status)
 Get the subject text that is currently associated with this regular expression object.
void uregex_refreshUText (URegularExpression *regexp, UText *text, UErrorCode *status)
 Set the subject text string upon which the regular expression is looking for matches without changing any other aspect of the matching state.
UBool uregex_matches (URegularExpression *regexp, int32_t startIndex, UErrorCode *status)
 Attempts to match the input string against the pattern.
UBool uregex_matches64 (URegularExpression *regexp, int64_t startIndex, UErrorCode *status)
 64bit version of uregex_matches.
UBool uregex_lookingAt (URegularExpression *regexp, int32_t startIndex, UErrorCode *status)
 Attempts to match the input string, starting from the specified index, against the pattern.
UBool uregex_lookingAt64 (URegularExpression *regexp, int64_t startIndex, UErrorCode *status)
 64bit version of uregex_lookingAt.
UBool uregex_find (URegularExpression *regexp, int32_t startIndex, UErrorCode *status)
 Find the first matching substring of the input string that matches the pattern.
UBool uregex_find64 (URegularExpression *regexp, int64_t startIndex, UErrorCode *status)
 64bit version of uregex_find.
UBool uregex_findNext (URegularExpression *regexp, UErrorCode *status)
 Find the next pattern match in the input string.
int32_t uregex_groupCount (URegularExpression *regexp, UErrorCode *status)
 Get the number of capturing groups in this regular expression's pattern.
int32_t uregex_group (URegularExpression *regexp, int32_t groupNum, UChar *dest, int32_t destCapacity, UErrorCode *status)
 Extract the string for the specified matching expression or subexpression.
UTexturegex_groupUText (URegularExpression *regexp, int32_t groupNum, UText *dest, int64_t *groupLength, UErrorCode *status)
 Returns a shallow immutable clone of the entire input string.
UTexturegex_groupUTextDeep (URegularExpression *regexp, int32_t groupNum, UText *dest, UErrorCode *status)
 Extract the string for the specified matching expression or subexpression.
int32_t uregex_start (URegularExpression *regexp, int32_t groupNum, UErrorCode *status)
 Returns the index in the input string of the start of the text matched by the specified capture group during the previous match operation.
int64_t uregex_start64 (URegularExpression *regexp, int32_t groupNum, UErrorCode *status)
 64bit version of uregex_start.
int32_t uregex_end (URegularExpression *regexp, int32_t groupNum, UErrorCode *status)
 Returns the index in the input string of the position following the end of the text matched by the specified capture group.
int64_t uregex_end64 (URegularExpression *regexp, int32_t groupNum, UErrorCode *status)
 64bit version of uregex_end.
void uregex_reset (URegularExpression *regexp, int32_t index, UErrorCode *status)
 Reset any saved state from the previous match.
void uregex_reset64 (URegularExpression *regexp, int64_t index, UErrorCode *status)
 64bit version of uregex_reset.
void uregex_setRegion (URegularExpression *regexp, int32_t regionStart, int32_t regionLimit, UErrorCode *status)
 Sets the limits of the matching region for this URegularExpression.
void uregex_setRegion64 (URegularExpression *regexp, int64_t regionStart, int64_t regionLimit, UErrorCode *status)
 64bit version of uregex_setRegion.
void uregex_setRegionAndStart (URegularExpression *regexp, int64_t regionStart, int64_t regionLimit, int64_t startIndex, UErrorCode *status)
 Set the matching region and the starting index for subsequent matches in a single operation.
int32_t uregex_regionStart (const URegularExpression *regexp, UErrorCode *status)
 Reports the start index of the matching region.
int64_t uregex_regionStart64 (const URegularExpression *regexp, UErrorCode *status)
 64bit version of uregex_regionStart.
int32_t uregex_regionEnd (const URegularExpression *regexp, UErrorCode *status)
 Reports the end index (exclusive) of the matching region for this URegularExpression.
int64_t uregex_regionEnd64 (const URegularExpression *regexp, UErrorCode *status)
 64bit version of uregex_regionEnd.
UBool uregex_hasTransparentBounds (const URegularExpression *regexp, UErrorCode *status)
 Queries the transparency of region bounds for this URegularExpression.
void uregex_useTransparentBounds (URegularExpression *regexp, UBool b, UErrorCode *status)
 Sets the transparency of region bounds for this URegularExpression.
UBool uregex_hasAnchoringBounds (const URegularExpression *regexp, UErrorCode *status)
 Return true if this URegularExpression is using anchoring bounds.
void uregex_useAnchoringBounds (URegularExpression *regexp, UBool b, UErrorCode *status)
 Set whether this URegularExpression is using Anchoring Bounds for its region.
UBool uregex_hitEnd (const URegularExpression *regexp, UErrorCode *status)
 Return TRUE if the most recent matching operation touched the end of the text being processed.
UBool uregex_requireEnd (const URegularExpression *regexp, UErrorCode *status)
 Return TRUE the most recent match succeeded and additional input could cause it to fail.
int32_t uregex_replaceAll (URegularExpression *regexp, const UChar *replacementText, int32_t replacementLength, UChar *destBuf, int32_t destCapacity, UErrorCode *status)
 Replaces every substring of the input that matches the pattern with the given replacement string.
UTexturegex_replaceAllUText (URegularExpression *regexp, UText *replacement, UText *dest, UErrorCode *status)
 Replaces every substring of the input that matches the pattern with the given replacement string.
int32_t uregex_replaceFirst (URegularExpression *regexp, const UChar *replacementText, int32_t replacementLength, UChar *destBuf, int32_t destCapacity, UErrorCode *status)
 Replaces the first substring of the input that matches the pattern with the given replacement string.
UTexturegex_replaceFirstUText (URegularExpression *regexp, UText *replacement, UText *dest, UErrorCode *status)
 Replaces the first substring of the input that matches the pattern with the given replacement string.
int32_t uregex_appendReplacement (URegularExpression *regexp, const UChar *replacementText, int32_t replacementLength, UChar **destBuf, int32_t *destCapacity, UErrorCode *status)
 Implements a replace operation intended to be used as part of an incremental find-and-replace.
void uregex_appendReplacementUText (URegularExpression *regexp, UText *replacementText, UText *dest, UErrorCode *status)
 Implements a replace operation intended to be used as part of an incremental find-and-replace.
int32_t uregex_appendTail (URegularExpression *regexp, UChar **destBuf, int32_t *destCapacity, UErrorCode *status)
 As the final step in a find-and-replace operation, append the remainder of the input string, starting at the position following the last match, to the destination string.
UTexturegex_appendTailUText (URegularExpression *regexp, UText *dest, UErrorCode *status)
 As the final step in a find-and-replace operation, append the remainder of the input string, starting at the position following the last match, to the destination string.
int32_t uregex_split (URegularExpression *regexp, UChar *destBuf, int32_t destCapacity, int32_t *requiredCapacity, UChar *destFields[], int32_t destFieldsCapacity, UErrorCode *status)
 Split a string into fields.
int32_t uregex_splitUText (URegularExpression *regexp, UText *destFields[], int32_t destFieldsCapacity, UErrorCode *status)
 Split a string into fields.
void uregex_setTimeLimit (URegularExpression *regexp, int32_t limit, UErrorCode *status)
 Set a processing time limit for match operations with this URegularExpression.
int32_t uregex_getTimeLimit (const URegularExpression *regexp, UErrorCode *status)
 Get the time limit for for matches with this URegularExpression.
void uregex_setStackLimit (URegularExpression *regexp, int32_t limit, UErrorCode *status)
 Set the amount of heap storage available for use by the match backtracking stack.
int32_t uregex_getStackLimit (const URegularExpression *regexp, UErrorCode *status)
 Get the size of the heap storage available for use by the back tracking stack.
void uregex_setMatchCallback (URegularExpression *regexp, URegexMatchCallback *callback, const void *context, UErrorCode *status)
 Set a callback function for this URegularExpression.
void uregex_getMatchCallback (const URegularExpression *regexp, URegexMatchCallback **callback, const void **context, UErrorCode *status)
 Get the callback function for this URegularExpression.
void uregex_setFindProgressCallback (URegularExpression *regexp, URegexFindProgressCallback *callback, const void *context, UErrorCode *status)
 Set the find progress callback function for this URegularExpression.
void uregex_getFindProgressCallback (const URegularExpression *regexp, URegexFindProgressCallback **callback, const void **context, UErrorCode *status)
 Get the find progress callback function for this URegularExpression.

Detailed Description

C API: Regular Expressions.

This is a C wrapper around the C++ RegexPattern and RegexMatcher classes.

Definition in file uregex.h.

Typedef Documentation

typedef UBool URegexFindProgressCallback(const void *context, int64_t matchIndex)

Function pointer for a regular expression find callback function.

When set, a callback function will be called during a find operation and for operations that depend on find, such as findNext, split and some replace operations like replaceFirst. The callback will usually be called after each attempt at a match, but this is not a guarantee that the callback will be invoked at each character. For finds where the match engine is invoked at each character, this may be close to true, but less likely for more optimized loops where the pattern is known to only start, and the match engine invoked, at certain characters. When invoked, this callback will specify the index at which a match operation is about to be attempted, giving the application the opportunity to terminate a long-running find operation.

If the call back function returns FALSE, the find operation will be terminated early.

Note: the callback function must not call other functions on this URegularExpression

Parameters
contextcontext pointer. The callback function will be invoked with the context specified at the time that uregex_setFindProgressCallback() is called.
matchIndexthe next index at which a match attempt will be attempted for this find operation. If this callback interrupts the search, this is the index at which a find/findNext operation may be re-initiated.
Returns
TRUE to continue the matching operation. FALSE to terminate the matching operation.
Stable:
ICU 4.6

Definition at line 1550 of file uregex.h.

typedef UBool URegexMatchCallback(const void *context, int32_t steps)

Function pointer for a regular expression matching callback function.

When set, a callback function will be called periodically during matching operations. If the call back function returns FALSE, the matching operation will be terminated early.

Note: the callback function must not call other functions on this URegularExpression.

Parameters
contextcontext pointer. The callback function will be invoked with the context specified at the time that uregex_setMatchCallback() is called.
stepsthe accumulated processing time, in match steps, for this matching operation.
Returns
TRUE to continue the matching operation. FALSE to terminate the matching operation.
Stable:
ICU 4.0

Definition at line 1476 of file uregex.h.

typedef enum URegexpFlag URegexpFlag

Constants for Regular Expression Match Modes.

Stable:
ICU 2.4

Structure representing a compiled regular expression, plus the results of a match operation.

Stable:
ICU 3.0

Definition at line 40 of file uregex.h.

Enumeration Type Documentation

Constants for Regular Expression Match Modes.

Stable:
ICU 2.4
Enumerator:
UREGEX_CANON_EQ 

Forces normalization of pattern and strings.

Not implemented yet, just a placeholder, hence draft.

Draft:
This API may be changed in the future versions and was introduced in ICU 2.4
UREGEX_CASE_INSENSITIVE 

Enable case insensitive matching.

Stable:
ICU 2.4
UREGEX_COMMENTS 

Allow white space and comments within patterns.

Stable:
ICU 2.4
UREGEX_DOTALL 

If set, '.

' matches line terminators, otherwise '.' matching stops at line end.

Stable:
ICU 2.4
UREGEX_LITERAL 

If set, treat the entire pattern as a literal string.

Metacharacters or escape sequences in the input sequence will be given no special meaning.

The flag UREGEX_CASE_INSENSITIVE retains its impact on matching when used in conjunction with this flag. The other flags become superfluous.

Stable:
ICU 4.0
UREGEX_MULTILINE 

Control behavior of "$" and "^" If set, recognize line terminators within string, otherwise, match only at start and end of input string.

Stable:
ICU 2.4
UREGEX_UNIX_LINES 

Unix-only line endings.

When this mode is enabled, only \u000a is recognized as a line ending in the behavior of ., ^, and $.

Stable:
ICU 4.0
UREGEX_UWORD 

Unicode word boundaries.

If set, uses the Unicode TR 29 definition of word boundaries. Warning: Unicode word boundaries are quite different from traditional regular expression word boundaries. See http://unicode.org/reports/tr29/#Word_Boundaries

Stable:
ICU 2.8
UREGEX_ERROR_ON_UNKNOWN_ESCAPES 

Error on Unrecognized backslash escapes.

If set, fail with an error on patterns that contain backslash-escaped ASCII letters without a known special meaning. If this flag is not set, these escaped letters represent themselves.

Stable:
ICU 4.0

Definition at line 47 of file uregex.h.

Function Documentation

int32_t uregex_appendReplacement ( URegularExpression regexp,
const UChar replacementText,
int32_t  replacementLength,
UChar **  destBuf,
int32_t *  destCapacity,
UErrorCode status 
)

Implements a replace operation intended to be used as part of an incremental find-and-replace.

The input string, starting from the end of the previous match and ending at the start of the current match, is appended to the destination string. Then the replacement string is appended to the output string, including handling any substitutions of captured text.

A note on preflight computation of buffersize and error handling: Calls to uregex_appendReplacement() and uregex_appendTail() are designed to be chained, one after another, with the destination buffer pointer and buffer capacity updated after each in preparation to for the next. If the destination buffer is exhausted partway through such a sequence, a U_BUFFER_OVERFLOW_ERROR status will be returned. Normal ICU conventions are for a function to perform no action if it is called with an error status, but for this one case, uregex_appendRepacement() will operate normally so that buffer size computations will complete correctly.

For simple, prepackaged, non-incremental find-and-replace operations, see replaceFirst() or replaceAll().

Parameters
regexpThe regular expression object.
replacementTextThe string that will replace the matched portion of the input string as it is copied to the destination buffer. The replacement text may contain references ($1, for example) to capture groups from the match.
replacementLengthThe length of the replacement text string, or -1 if the string is NUL terminated.
destBufThe buffer into which the results of the find-and-replace are placed. On return, this pointer will be updated to refer to the beginning of the unused portion of buffer, leaving it in position for a subsequent call to this function.
destCapacityThe size of the output buffer, On return, this parameter will be updated to reflect the space remaining unused in the output buffer.
statusA reference to a UErrorCode to receive any errors.
Returns
The length of the result string. In the event that destCapacity is inadequate, the full length of the untruncated output string is returned.
Stable:
ICU 3.0
void uregex_appendReplacementUText ( URegularExpression regexp,
UText replacementText,
UText dest,
UErrorCode status 
)

Implements a replace operation intended to be used as part of an incremental find-and-replace.

The input string, starting from the end of the previous match and ending at the start of the current match, is appended to the destination string. Then the replacement string is appended to the output string, including handling any substitutions of captured text.

For simple, prepackaged, non-incremental find-and-replace operations, see replaceFirst() or replaceAll().

Parameters
regexpThe regular expression object.
replacementTextThe string that will replace the matched portion of the input string as it is copied to the destination buffer. The replacement text may contain references ($1, for example) to capture groups from the match.
destA mutable UText that will receive the result. Must not be NULL.
statusA reference to a UErrorCode to receive any errors.
Stable:
ICU 4.6
int32_t uregex_appendTail ( URegularExpression regexp,
UChar **  destBuf,
int32_t *  destCapacity,
UErrorCode status 
)

As the final step in a find-and-replace operation, append the remainder of the input string, starting at the position following the last match, to the destination string.

uregex_appendTail() is intended to be invoked after one or more invocations of the uregex_appendReplacement() function.

Parameters
regexpThe regular expression object. This is needed to obtain the input string and with the position of the last match within it.
destBufThe buffer in which the results of the find-and-replace are placed. On return, the pointer will be updated to refer to the beginning of the unused portion of buffer.
destCapacityThe size of the output buffer, On return, this value will be updated to reflect the space remaining unused in the output buffer.
statusA reference to a UErrorCode to receive any errors.
Returns
The length of the result string. In the event that destCapacity is inadequate, the full length of the untruncated output string is returned.
Stable:
ICU 3.0
UText* uregex_appendTailUText ( URegularExpression regexp,
UText dest,
UErrorCode status 
)

As the final step in a find-and-replace operation, append the remainder of the input string, starting at the position following the last match, to the destination string.

uregex_appendTailUText() is intended to be invoked after one or more invocations of the uregex_appendReplacementUText() function.

Parameters
regexpThe regular expression object. This is needed to obtain the input string and with the position of the last match within it.
destA mutable UText that will receive the result. Must not be NULL.
statusError code
Returns
The destination UText.
Stable:
ICU 4.6
URegularExpression* uregex_clone ( const URegularExpression regexp,
UErrorCode status 
)

Make a copy of a compiled regular expression.

Cloning a regular expression is faster than opening a second instance from the source form of the expression, and requires less memory.

Note that the current input string and the position of any matched text within it are not cloned; only the pattern itself and the match mode flags are copied.

Cloning can be particularly useful to threaded applications that perform multiple match operations in parallel. Each concurrent RE operation requires its own instance of a URegularExpression.

Parameters
regexpThe compiled regular expression to be cloned.
statusReceives indication of any errors encountered
Returns
the cloned copy of the compiled regular expression.
Stable:
ICU 3.0
void uregex_close ( URegularExpression regexp)

Close the regular expression, recovering all resources (memory) it was holding.

Parameters
regexpThe regular expression to be closed.
Stable:
ICU 3.0
int32_t uregex_end ( URegularExpression regexp,
int32_t  groupNum,
UErrorCode status 
)

Returns the index in the input string of the position following the end of the text matched by the specified capture group.

Return -1 if the capture group was not part of the last match. Group #0 refers to the complete range of matched text. Group #1 refers to the text matched by the first set of capturing parentheses.

Parameters
regexpThe compiled regular expression.
groupNumThe capture group number
statusA reference to a UErrorCode to receive any errors.
Returns
the (native) index of the position following the last matched character.
Stable:
ICU 3.0
int64_t uregex_end64 ( URegularExpression regexp,
int32_t  groupNum,
UErrorCode status 
)

64bit version of uregex_end.

Returns the index in the input string of the position following the end of the text matched by the specified capture group. Return -1 if the capture group was not part of the last match. Group #0 refers to the complete range of matched text. Group #1 refers to the text matched by the first set of capturing parentheses.

Parameters
regexpThe compiled regular expression.
groupNumThe capture group number
statusA reference to a UErrorCode to receive any errors.
Returns
the (native) index of the position following the last matched character.
Stable:
ICU 4.6
UBool uregex_find ( URegularExpression regexp,
int32_t  startIndex,
UErrorCode status 
)

Find the first matching substring of the input string that matches the pattern.

If startIndex is >= zero the search for a match begins at the specified index, and any match region is reset. This corresponds directly with Matcher.find(startIndex) in Java.

If startIndex == -1 the search begins at the start of the input region, or at the start of the full string if no region has been specified.

If a match is found, uregex_start(), uregex_end(), and uregex_group() will provide more information regarding the match.

Parameters
regexpThe compiled regular expression.
startIndexThe position (native) in the input string to begin the search, or -1 to search within the Input Region.
statusA reference to a UErrorCode to receive any errors.
Returns
TRUE if a match is found.
Stable:
ICU 3.0
UBool uregex_find64 ( URegularExpression regexp,
int64_t  startIndex,
UErrorCode status 
)

64bit version of uregex_find.

Find the first matching substring of the input string that matches the pattern. If startIndex is >= zero the search for a match begins at the specified index, and any match region is reset. This corresponds directly with Matcher.find(startIndex) in Java.

If startIndex == -1 the search begins at the start of the input region, or at the start of the full string if no region has been specified.

If a match is found, uregex_start(), uregex_end(), and uregex_group() will provide more information regarding the match.

Parameters
regexpThe compiled regular expression.
startIndexThe position (native) in the input string to begin the search, or -1 to search within the Input Region.
statusA reference to a UErrorCode to receive any errors.
Returns
TRUE if a match is found.
Stable:
ICU 4.6
UBool uregex_findNext ( URegularExpression regexp,
UErrorCode status 
)

Find the next pattern match in the input string.

Begin searching the input at the location following the end of he previous match, or at the start of the string (or region) if there is no previous match. If a match is found, uregex_start(), uregex_end(), and uregex_group() will provide more information regarding the match.

Parameters
regexpThe compiled regular expression.
statusA reference to a UErrorCode to receive any errors.
Returns
TRUE if a match is found.
See Also
uregex_reset
Stable:
ICU 3.0
int32_t uregex_flags ( const URegularExpression regexp,
UErrorCode status 
)

Get the match mode flags that were specified when compiling this regular expression.

Parameters
statusReceives errors detected by this function.
regexpThe compiled regular expression.
Returns
The match mode flags
See Also
URegexpFlag
Stable:
ICU 3.0
void uregex_getFindProgressCallback ( const URegularExpression regexp,
URegexFindProgressCallback **  callback,
const void **  context,
UErrorCode status 
)

Get the find progress callback function for this URegularExpression.

Parameters
regexpThe compiled regular expression.
callbackOut parameter, receives a pointer to the user-supplied callback function.
contextOut parameter, receives the user context pointer that was set when uregex_setFindProgressCallback() was called.
statusA reference to a UErrorCode to receive any errors.
Stable:
ICU 4.6
void uregex_getMatchCallback ( const URegularExpression regexp,
URegexMatchCallback **  callback,
const void **  context,
UErrorCode status 
)

Get the callback function for this URegularExpression.

Parameters
regexpThe compiled regular expression.
callbackOut parameter, receives a pointer to the user-supplied callback function.
contextOut parameter, receives the user context pointer that was set when uregex_setMatchCallback() was called.
statusA reference to a UErrorCode to receive any errors.
Stable:
ICU 4.0
int32_t uregex_getStackLimit ( const URegularExpression regexp,
UErrorCode status 
)

Get the size of the heap storage available for use by the back tracking stack.

Returns
the maximum backtracking stack size, in bytes, or zero if the stack size is unlimited.
Stable:
ICU 4.0
const UChar* uregex_getText ( URegularExpression regexp,
int32_t *  textLength,
UErrorCode status 
)

Get the subject text that is currently associated with this regular expression object.

If the input was supplied using uregex_setText(), that pointer will be returned. Otherwise, the characters in the input will be extracted to a buffer and returned. In either case, ownership remains with the regular expression object.

This function will work even if the input was originally specified as a UText.

Parameters
regexpThe compiled regular expression.
textLengthThe length of the string is returned in this output parameter. A NULL pointer may be used here if the text length is not needed, as would be the case if the text is known in advance to be a NUL terminated string.
statusReceives errors detected by this function.
Returns
Pointer to the subject text string currently associated with this regular expression.
Stable:
ICU 3.0
int32_t uregex_getTimeLimit ( const URegularExpression regexp,
UErrorCode status 
)

Get the time limit for for matches with this URegularExpression.

A return value of zero indicates that there is no limit.

Parameters
regexpThe compiled regular expression.
statusA reference to a UErrorCode to receive any errors.
Returns
the maximum allowed time for a match, in units of processing steps.
Stable:
ICU 4.0
UText* uregex_getUText ( URegularExpression regexp,
UText dest,
UErrorCode status 
)

Get the subject text that is currently associated with this regular expression object.

This function will work even if the input was originally specified as a UChar string.

Parameters
regexpThe compiled regular expression.
destA mutable UText in which to store the current input. If NULL, a new UText will be created as an immutable shallow clone of the actual input string.
statusReceives errors detected by this function.
Returns
The subject text currently associated with this regular expression. If a pre-allocated UText was provided, it will always be used and returned.
Stable:
ICU 4.6
int32_t uregex_group ( URegularExpression regexp,
int32_t  groupNum,
UChar dest,
int32_t  destCapacity,
UErrorCode status 
)

Extract the string for the specified matching expression or subexpression.

Group #0 is the complete string of matched text. Group #1 is the text matched by the first set of capturing parentheses.

Parameters
regexpThe compiled regular expression.
groupNumThe capture group to extract. Group 0 is the complete match. The value of this parameter must be less than or equal to the number of capture groups in the pattern.
destBuffer to receive the matching string data
destCapacityCapacity of the dest buffer.
statusA reference to a UErrorCode to receive any errors.
Returns
Length of matching data, or -1 if no applicable match.
Stable:
ICU 3.0
int32_t uregex_groupCount ( URegularExpression regexp,
UErrorCode status 
)

Get the number of capturing groups in this regular expression's pattern.

Parameters
regexpThe compiled regular expression.
statusA reference to a UErrorCode to receive any errors.
Returns
the number of capture groups
Stable:
ICU 3.0
UText* uregex_groupUText ( URegularExpression regexp,
int32_t  groupNum,
UText dest,
int64_t *  groupLength,
UErrorCode status 
)

Returns a shallow immutable clone of the entire input string.

The returned UText current native index is set to the beginning of the requested capture group. The capture group length is also returned via groupLength. Group #0 is the complete string of matched text. Group #1 is the text matched by the first set of capturing parentheses.

Parameters
regexpThe compiled regular expression.
groupNumThe capture group to extract. Group 0 is the complete match. The value of this parameter must be less than or equal to the number of capture groups in the pattern.
destA mutable UText in which to store the current input. If NULL, a new UText will be created as an immutable shallow clone of the entire input string.
groupLengthThe group length of the desired capture group.
statusA reference to a UErrorCode to receive any errors.
Returns
The subject text currently associated with this regular expression. If a pre-allocated UText was provided, it will always be used and returned.
Stable:
ICU 4.6
UText* uregex_groupUTextDeep ( URegularExpression regexp,
int32_t  groupNum,
UText dest,
UErrorCode status 
)

Extract the string for the specified matching expression or subexpression.

Group #0 is the complete string of matched text. Group #1 is the text matched by the first set of capturing parentheses.

Parameters
regexpThe compiled regular expression.
groupNumThe capture group to extract. Group 0 is the complete match. The value of this parameter must be less than or equal to the number of capture groups in the pattern.
destMutable UText to receive the matching string data. If NULL, a new UText will be created (which may not be mutable).
statusA reference to a UErrorCode to receive any errors.
Returns
The matching string data. If a pre-allocated UText was provided, it will always be used and returned.
Internal:
Do not use. This API is for internal use only. ICU 4.4 technology preview
UBool uregex_hasAnchoringBounds ( const URegularExpression regexp,
UErrorCode status 
)

Return true if this URegularExpression is using anchoring bounds.

By default, anchoring region bounds are used.

Parameters
regexpThe compiled regular expression.
statusA pointer to a UErrorCode to receive any errors.
Returns
TRUE if this matcher is using anchoring bounds.
Stable:
ICU 4.0
UBool uregex_hasTransparentBounds ( const URegularExpression regexp,
UErrorCode status 
)

Queries the transparency of region bounds for this URegularExpression.

See useTransparentBounds for a description of transparent and opaque bounds. By default, matching boundaries are opaque.

Parameters
regexpThe compiled regular expression.
statusA pointer to a UErrorCode to receive any errors.
Returns
TRUE if this matcher is using opaque bounds, false if it is not.
Stable:
ICU 4.0
UBool uregex_hitEnd ( const URegularExpression regexp,
UErrorCode status 
)

Return TRUE if the most recent matching operation touched the end of the text being processed.

In this case, additional input text could change the results of that match.

Parameters
regexpThe compiled regular expression.
statusA pointer to a UErrorCode to receive any errors.
Returns
TRUE if the most recent match hit the end of input
Stable:
ICU 4.0
UBool uregex_lookingAt ( URegularExpression regexp,
int32_t  startIndex,
UErrorCode status 
)

Attempts to match the input string, starting from the specified index, against the pattern.

The match may be of any length, and is not required to extend to the end of the input string. Contrast with uregex_matches().

If startIndex is >= 0 any input region that was set for this URegularExpression is reset before the operation begins.

If the specified starting index == -1 the match begins at the start of the input region, or at the start of the full string if no region has been specified. This corresponds directly with Matcher.lookingAt() in Java.

If the match succeeds then more information can be obtained via the uregexp_start(), uregexp_end(), and uregexp_group() functions.

Parameters
regexpThe compiled regular expression.
startIndexThe input string (native) index at which to begin matching, or -1 to match the Input Region
statusA reference to a UErrorCode to receive any errors.
Returns
TRUE if there is a match.
Stable:
ICU 3.0
UBool uregex_lookingAt64 ( URegularExpression regexp,
int64_t  startIndex,
UErrorCode status 
)

64bit version of uregex_lookingAt.

Attempts to match the input string, starting from the specified index, against the pattern. The match may be of any length, and is not required to extend to the end of the input string. Contrast with uregex_matches().

If startIndex is >= 0 any input region that was set for this URegularExpression is reset before the operation begins.

If the specified starting index == -1 the match begins at the start of the input region, or at the start of the full string if no region has been specified. This corresponds directly with Matcher.lookingAt() in Java.

If the match succeeds then more information can be obtained via the uregexp_start(), uregexp_end(), and uregexp_group() functions.

Parameters
regexpThe compiled regular expression.
startIndexThe input string (native) index at which to begin matching, or -1 to match the Input Region
statusA reference to a UErrorCode to receive any errors.
Returns
TRUE if there is a match.
Stable:
ICU 4.6
UBool uregex_matches ( URegularExpression regexp,
int32_t  startIndex,
UErrorCode status 
)

Attempts to match the input string against the pattern.

To succeed, the match must extend to the end of the string, or cover the complete match region.

If startIndex >= zero the match operation starts at the specified index and must extend to the end of the input string. Any region that has been specified is reset.

If startIndex == -1 the match must cover the input region, or the entire input string if no region has been set. This directly corresponds to Matcher.matches() in Java

Parameters
regexpThe compiled regular expression.
startIndexThe input string (native) index at which to begin matching, or -1 to match the input Region.
statusReceives errors detected by this function.
Returns
TRUE if there is a match
Stable:
ICU 3.0
UBool uregex_matches64 ( URegularExpression regexp,
int64_t  startIndex,
UErrorCode status 
)

64bit version of uregex_matches.

Attempts to match the input string against the pattern. To succeed, the match must extend to the end of the string, or cover the complete match region.

If startIndex >= zero the match operation starts at the specified index and must extend to the end of the input string. Any region that has been specified is reset.

If startIndex == -1 the match must cover the input region, or the entire input string if no region has been set. This directly corresponds to Matcher.matches() in Java

Parameters
regexpThe compiled regular expression.
startIndexThe input string (native) index at which to begin matching, or -1 to match the input Region.
statusReceives errors detected by this function.
Returns
TRUE if there is a match
Stable:
ICU 4.6
URegularExpression* uregex_open ( const UChar pattern,
int32_t  patternLength,
uint32_t  flags,
UParseError pe,
UErrorCode status 
)

Open (compile) an ICU regular expression.

Compiles the regular expression in string form into an internal representation using the specified match mode flags. The resulting regular expression handle can then be used to perform various matching operations.

Parameters
patternThe Regular Expression pattern to be compiled.
patternLengthThe length of the pattern, or -1 if the pattern is NUL terminated.
flagsFlags that alter the default matching behavior for the regular expression, UREGEX_CASE_INSENSITIVE, for example. For default behavior, set this parameter to zero. See enum URegexpFlag. All desired flags are bitwise-ORed together.
peReceives the position (line and column numbers) of any syntax error within the source regular expression string. If this information is not wanted, pass NULL for this parameter.
statusReceives error detected by this function.
Stable:
ICU 3.0
URegularExpression* uregex_openC ( const char *  pattern,
uint32_t  flags,
UParseError pe,
UErrorCode status 
)

Open (compile) an ICU regular expression.

The resulting regular expression handle can then be used to perform various matching operations.

This function is the same as uregex_open, except that the pattern is supplied as an 8 bit char * string in the default code page.

Parameters
patternThe Regular Expression pattern to be compiled, NUL terminated.
flagsFlags that alter the default matching behavior for the regular expression, UREGEX_CASE_INSENSITIVE, for example. For default behavior, set this parameter to zero. See enum URegexpFlag. All desired flags are bitwise-ORed together.
peReceives the position (line and column numbers) of any syntax error within the source regular expression string. If this information is not wanted, pass NULL for this parameter.
statusReceives errors detected by this function.
Returns
The URegularExpression object representing the compiled pattern.
Stable:
ICU 3.0
URegularExpression* uregex_openUText ( UText pattern,
uint32_t  flags,
UParseError pe,
UErrorCode status 
)

Open (compile) an ICU regular expression.

Compiles the regular expression in string form into an internal representation using the specified match mode flags. The resulting regular expression handle can then be used to perform various matching operations.

The contents of the pattern UText will be extracted and saved. Ownership of the UText struct itself remains with the caller. This is to match the behavior of uregex_open().

Parameters
patternThe Regular Expression pattern to be compiled.
flagsFlags that alter the default matching behavior for the regular expression, UREGEX_CASE_INSENSITIVE, for example. For default behavior, set this parameter to zero. See enum URegexpFlag. All desired flags are bitwise-ORed together.
peReceives the position (line and column numbers) of any syntax error within the source regular expression string. If this information is not wanted, pass NULL for this parameter.
statusReceives error detected by this function.
Stable:
ICU 4.6
const UChar* uregex_pattern ( const URegularExpression regexp,
int32_t *  patLength,
UErrorCode status 
)

Returns a pointer to the source form of the pattern for this regular expression.

This function will work even if the pattern was originally specified as a UText.

Parameters
regexpThe compiled regular expression.
patLengthThis output parameter will be set to the length of the pattern string. A NULL pointer may be used here if the pattern length is not needed, as would be the case if the pattern is known in advance to be a NUL terminated string.
statusReceives errors detected by this function.
Returns
a pointer to the pattern string. The storage for the string is owned by the regular expression object, and must not be altered or deleted by the application. The returned string will remain valid until the regular expression is closed.
Stable:
ICU 3.0
UText* uregex_patternUText ( const URegularExpression regexp,
UErrorCode status 
)

Returns the source text of the pattern for this regular expression.

This function will work even if the pattern was originally specified as a UChar string.

Parameters
regexpThe compiled regular expression.
statusReceives errors detected by this function.
Returns
the pattern text. The storage for the text is owned by the regular expression object, and must not be altered or deleted.
Stable:
ICU 4.6
void uregex_refreshUText ( URegularExpression regexp,
UText text,
UErrorCode status 
)

Set the subject text string upon which the regular expression is looking for matches without changing any other aspect of the matching state.

The new and previous text strings must have the same content.

This function is intended for use in environments where ICU is operating on strings that may move around in memory. It provides a mechanism for notifying ICU that the string has been relocated, and providing a new UText to access the string in its new position.

Note that the regular expression implementation never copies the underlying text of a string being matched, but always operates directly on the original text provided by the user. Refreshing simply drops the references to the old text and replaces them with references to the new.

Caution: this function is normally used only by very specialized system-level code. One example use case is with garbage collection that moves the text in memory.

Parameters
regexpThe compiled regular expression.
textThe new (moved) text string.
statusReceives errors detected by this function.
Stable:
ICU 4.8
int32_t uregex_regionEnd ( const URegularExpression regexp,
UErrorCode status 
)

Reports the end index (exclusive) of the matching region for this URegularExpression.

Any matches found are limited to to the region bounded by regionStart (inclusive) and regionEnd (exclusive).

Parameters
regexpThe compiled regular expression.
statusA pointer to a UErrorCode to receive any errors.
Returns
The ending point (native) of this matcher's region.
Stable:
ICU 4.0
int64_t uregex_regionEnd64 ( const URegularExpression regexp,
UErrorCode status 
)

64bit version of uregex_regionEnd.

Reports the end index (exclusive) of the matching region for this URegularExpression. Any matches found are limited to to the region bounded by regionStart (inclusive) and regionEnd (exclusive).

Parameters
regexpThe compiled regular expression.
statusA pointer to a UErrorCode to receive any errors.
Returns
The ending point (native) of this matcher's region.
Stable:
ICU 4.6
int32_t uregex_regionStart ( const URegularExpression regexp,
UErrorCode status 
)

Reports the start index of the matching region.

Any matches found are limited to to the region bounded by regionStart (inclusive) and regionEnd (exclusive).

Parameters
regexpThe compiled regular expression.
statusA pointer to a UErrorCode to receive any errors.
Returns
The starting (native) index of this matcher's region.
Stable:
ICU 4.0
int64_t uregex_regionStart64 ( const URegularExpression regexp,
UErrorCode status 
)

64bit version of uregex_regionStart.

Reports the start index of the matching region. Any matches found are limited to to the region bounded by regionStart (inclusive) and regionEnd (exclusive).

Parameters
regexpThe compiled regular expression.
statusA pointer to a UErrorCode to receive any errors.
Returns
The starting (native) index of this matcher's region.
Stable:
ICU 4.6
int32_t uregex_replaceAll ( URegularExpression regexp,
const UChar replacementText,
int32_t  replacementLength,
UChar destBuf,
int32_t  destCapacity,
UErrorCode status 
)

Replaces every substring of the input that matches the pattern with the given replacement string.

This is a convenience function that provides a complete find-and-replace-all operation.

This method scans the input string looking for matches of the pattern. Input that is not part of any match is copied unchanged to the destination buffer. Matched regions are replaced in the output buffer by the replacement string. The replacement string may contain references to capture groups; these take the form of $1, $2, etc.

Parameters
regexpThe compiled regular expression.
replacementTextA string containing the replacement text.
replacementLengthThe length of the replacement string, or -1 if it is NUL terminated.
destBufA (UChar *) buffer that will receive the result.
destCapacityThe capacity of the destination buffer.
statusA reference to a UErrorCode to receive any errors.
Returns
The length of the string resulting from the find and replace operation. In the event that the destination capacity is inadequate, the return value is still the full length of the untruncated string.
Stable:
ICU 3.0
UText* uregex_replaceAllUText ( URegularExpression regexp,
UText replacement,
UText dest,
UErrorCode status 
)

Replaces every substring of the input that matches the pattern with the given replacement string.

This is a convenience function that provides a complete find-and-replace-all operation.

This method scans the input string looking for matches of the pattern. Input that is not part of any match is copied unchanged to the destination buffer. Matched regions are replaced in the output buffer by the replacement string. The replacement string may contain references to capture groups; these take the form of $1, $2, etc.

Parameters
regexpThe compiled regular expression.
replacementA string containing the replacement text.
destA mutable UText that will receive the result. If NULL, a new UText will be created (which may not be mutable).
statusA reference to a UErrorCode to receive any errors.
Returns
A UText containing the results of the find and replace. If a pre-allocated UText was provided, it will always be used and returned.
Stable:
ICU 4.6
int32_t uregex_replaceFirst ( URegularExpression regexp,
const UChar replacementText,
int32_t  replacementLength,
UChar destBuf,
int32_t  destCapacity,
UErrorCode status 
)

Replaces the first substring of the input that matches the pattern with the given replacement string.

This is a convenience function that provides a complete find-and-replace operation.

This method scans the input string looking for a match of the pattern. All input that is not part of the match is copied unchanged to the destination buffer. The matched region is replaced in the output buffer by the replacement string. The replacement string may contain references to capture groups; these take the form of $1, $2, etc.

Parameters
regexpThe compiled regular expression.
replacementTextA string containing the replacement text.
replacementLengthThe length of the replacement string, or -1 if it is NUL terminated.
destBufA (UChar *) buffer that will receive the result.
destCapacityThe capacity of the destination buffer.
statusa reference to a UErrorCode to receive any errors.
Returns
The length of the string resulting from the find and replace operation. In the event that the destination capacity is inadequate, the return value is still the full length of the untruncated string.
Stable:
ICU 3.0
UText* uregex_replaceFirstUText ( URegularExpression regexp,
UText replacement,
UText dest,
UErrorCode status 
)

Replaces the first substring of the input that matches the pattern with the given replacement string.

This is a convenience function that provides a complete find-and-replace operation.

This method scans the input string looking for a match of the pattern. All input that is not part of the match is copied unchanged to the destination buffer. The matched region is replaced in the output buffer by the replacement string. The replacement string may contain references to capture groups; these take the form of $1, $2, etc.

Parameters
regexpThe compiled regular expression.
replacementA string containing the replacement text.
destA mutable UText that will receive the result. If NULL, a new UText will be created (which may not be mutable).
statusA reference to a UErrorCode to receive any errors.
Returns
A UText containing the results of the find and replace. If a pre-allocated UText was provided, it will always be used and returned.
Stable:
ICU 4.6
UBool uregex_requireEnd ( const URegularExpression regexp,
UErrorCode status 
)

Return TRUE the most recent match succeeded and additional input could cause it to fail.

If this function returns false and a match was found, then more input might change the match but the match won't be lost. If a match was not found, then requireEnd has no meaning.

Parameters
regexpThe compiled regular expression.
statusA pointer to a UErrorCode to receive any errors.
Returns
TRUE if more input could cause the most recent match to no longer match.
Stable:
ICU 4.0
void uregex_reset ( URegularExpression regexp,
int32_t  index,
UErrorCode status 
)

Reset any saved state from the previous match.

Has the effect of causing uregex_findNext to begin at the specified index, and causing uregex_start(), uregex_end() and uregex_group() to return an error indicating that there is no match information available. Clears any match region that may have been set.

Parameters
regexpThe compiled regular expression.
indexThe position (native) in the text at which a uregex_findNext() should begin searching.
statusA reference to a UErrorCode to receive any errors.
Stable:
ICU 3.0
void uregex_reset64 ( URegularExpression regexp,
int64_t  index,
UErrorCode status 
)

64bit version of uregex_reset.

Reset any saved state from the previous match. Has the effect of causing uregex_findNext to begin at the specified index, and causing uregex_start(), uregex_end() and uregex_group() to return an error indicating that there is no match information available. Clears any match region that may have been set.

Parameters
regexpThe compiled regular expression.
indexThe position (native) in the text at which a uregex_findNext() should begin searching.
statusA reference to a UErrorCode to receive any errors.
Stable:
ICU 4.6
void uregex_setFindProgressCallback ( URegularExpression regexp,
URegexFindProgressCallback callback,
const void *  context,
UErrorCode status 
)

Set the find progress callback function for this URegularExpression.

Parameters
regexpThe compiled regular expression.
callbackA pointer to the user-supplied callback function.
contextUser context pointer. The value supplied at the time the callback function is set will be saved and passed to the callback each time that it is called.
statusA reference to a UErrorCode to receive any errors.
Stable:
ICU 4.6
void uregex_setMatchCallback ( URegularExpression regexp,
URegexMatchCallback callback,
const void *  context,
UErrorCode status 
)

Set a callback function for this URegularExpression.

During matching operations the function will be called periodically, giving the application the opportunity to terminate a long-running match.

Parameters
regexpThe compiled regular expression.
callbackA pointer to the user-supplied callback function.
contextUser context pointer. The value supplied at the time the callback function is set will be saved and passed to the callback each time that it is called.
statusA reference to a UErrorCode to receive any errors.
Stable:
ICU 4.0
void uregex_setRegion ( URegularExpression regexp,
int32_t  regionStart,
int32_t  regionLimit,
UErrorCode status 
)

Sets the limits of the matching region for this URegularExpression.

The region is the part of the input string that will be considered when matching. Invoking this method resets any saved state from the previous match, then sets the region to start at the index specified by the start parameter and end at the index specified by the end parameter.

Depending on the transparency and anchoring being used (see useTransparentBounds and useAnchoringBounds), certain constructs such as anchors may behave differently at or around the boundaries of the region

The function will fail if start is greater than limit, or if either index is less than zero or greater than the length of the string being matched.

Parameters
regexpThe compiled regular expression.
regionStartThe (native) index to begin searches at.
regionLimitThe (native) index to end searches at (exclusive).
statusA pointer to a UErrorCode to receive any errors.
Stable:
ICU 4.0
void uregex_setRegion64 ( URegularExpression regexp,
int64_t  regionStart,
int64_t  regionLimit,
UErrorCode status 
)

64bit version of uregex_setRegion.

Sets the limits of the matching region for this URegularExpression. The region is the part of the input string that will be considered when matching. Invoking this method resets any saved state from the previous match, then sets the region to start at the index specified by the start parameter and end at the index specified by the end parameter.

Depending on the transparency and anchoring being used (see useTransparentBounds and useAnchoringBounds), certain constructs such as anchors may behave differently at or around the boundaries of the region

The function will fail if start is greater than limit, or if either index is less than zero or greater than the length of the string being matched.

Parameters
regexpThe compiled regular expression.
regionStartThe (native) index to begin searches at.
regionLimitThe (native) index to end searches at (exclusive).
statusA pointer to a UErrorCode to receive any errors.
Stable:
ICU 4.6
void uregex_setRegionAndStart ( URegularExpression regexp,
int64_t  regionStart,
int64_t  regionLimit,
int64_t  startIndex,
UErrorCode status 
)

Set the matching region and the starting index for subsequent matches in a single operation.

This is useful because the usual function for setting the starting index, urgex_reset(), also resets any region limits.

Parameters
regexpThe compiled regular expression.
regionStartThe (native) index to begin searches at.
regionLimitThe (native) index to end searches at (exclusive).
startIndexThe index in the input text at which the next match operation should begin.
statusA pointer to a UErrorCode to receive any errors.
Stable:
ICU 4.6
void uregex_setStackLimit ( URegularExpression regexp,
int32_t  limit,
UErrorCode status 
)

Set the amount of heap storage available for use by the match backtracking stack.

ICU uses a backtracking regular expression engine, with the backtrack stack maintained on the heap. This function sets the limit to the amount of memory that can be used for this purpose. A backtracking stack overflow will result in an error from the match operation that caused it.

A limit is desirable because a malicious or poorly designed pattern can use excessive memory, potentially crashing the process. A limit is enabled by default.

Parameters
regexpThe compiled regular expression.
limitThe maximum size, in bytes, of the matching backtrack stack. A value of zero means no limit. The limit must be greater than or equal to zero.
statusA reference to a UErrorCode to receive any errors.
Stable:
ICU 4.0
void uregex_setText ( URegularExpression regexp,
const UChar text,
int32_t  textLength,
UErrorCode status 
)

Set the subject text string upon which the regular expression will look for matches.

This function may be called any number of times, allowing the regular expression pattern to be applied to different strings.

Regular expression matching operations work directly on the application's string data. No copy is made. The subject string data must not be altered after calling this function until after all regular expression operations involving this string data are completed.

Zero length strings are permitted. In this case, no subsequent match operation will dereference the text string pointer.

Parameters
regexpThe compiled regular expression.
textThe subject text string.
textLengthThe length of the subject text, or -1 if the string is NUL terminated.
statusReceives errors detected by this function.
Stable:
ICU 3.0
void uregex_setTimeLimit ( URegularExpression regexp,
int32_t  limit,
UErrorCode status 
)

Set a processing time limit for match operations with this URegularExpression.

Some patterns, when matching certain strings, can run in exponential time. For practical purposes, the match operation may appear to be in an infinite loop. When a limit is set a match operation will fail with an error if the limit is exceeded.

The units of the limit are steps of the match engine. Correspondence with actual processor time will depend on the speed of the processor and the details of the specific pattern, but will typically be on the order of milliseconds.

By default, the matching time is not limited.

Parameters
regexpThe compiled regular expression.
limitThe limit value, or 0 for no limit.
statusA reference to a UErrorCode to receive any errors.
Stable:
ICU 4.0
void uregex_setUText ( URegularExpression regexp,
UText text,
UErrorCode status 
)

Set the subject text string upon which the regular expression will look for matches.

This function may be called any number of times, allowing the regular expression pattern to be applied to different strings.

Regular expression matching operations work directly on the application's string data; only a shallow clone is made. The subject string data must not be altered after calling this function until after all regular expression operations involving this string data are completed.

Parameters
regexpThe compiled regular expression.
textThe subject text string.
statusReceives errors detected by this function.
Stable:
ICU 4.6
int32_t uregex_split ( URegularExpression regexp,
UChar destBuf,
int32_t  destCapacity,
int32_t *  requiredCapacity,
UChar destFields[],
int32_t  destFieldsCapacity,
UErrorCode status 
)

Split a string into fields.

Somewhat like split() from Perl. The pattern matches identify delimiters that separate the input into fields. The input data between the matches becomes the fields themselves.

Each of the fields is copied from the input string to the destination buffer, and NUL terminated. The position of each field within the destination buffer is returned in the destFields array.

If the delimiter pattern includes capture groups, the captured text will also appear in the destination array of output strings, interspersed with the fields. This is similar to Perl, but differs from Java, which ignores the presence of capture groups in the pattern.

Trailing empty fields will always be returned, assuming sufficient destination capacity. This differs from the default behavior for Java and Perl where trailing empty fields are not returned.

The number of strings produced by the split operation is returned. This count includes the strings from capture groups in the delimiter pattern. This behavior differs from Java, which ignores capture groups.

Parameters
regexpThe compiled regular expression.
destBufA (UChar *) buffer to receive the fields that are extracted from the input string. These field pointers will refer to positions within the destination buffer supplied by the caller. Any extra positions within the destFields array will be set to NULL.
destCapacityThe capacity of the destBuf.
requiredCapacityThe actual capacity required of the destBuf. If destCapacity is too small, requiredCapacity will return the total capacity required to hold all of the output, and a U_BUFFER_OVERFLOW_ERROR will be returned.
destFieldsAn array to be filled with the position of each of the extracted fields within destBuf.
destFieldsCapacityThe number of elements in the destFields array. If the number of fields found is less than destFieldsCapacity, the extra destFields elements are set to zero. If destFieldsCapacity is too small, the trailing part of the input, including any field delimiters, is treated as if it were the last field - it is copied to the destBuf, and its position is in the destBuf is stored in the last element of destFields. This behavior mimics that of Perl. It is not an error condition, and no error status is returned when all destField positions are used.
statusA reference to a UErrorCode to receive any errors.
Returns
The number of fields into which the input string was split.
Stable:
ICU 3.0
int32_t uregex_splitUText ( URegularExpression regexp,
UText destFields[],
int32_t  destFieldsCapacity,
UErrorCode status 
)

Split a string into fields.

Somewhat like split() from Perl. The pattern matches identify delimiters that separate the input into fields. The input data between the matches becomes the fields themselves.

The behavior of this function is not very closely aligned with uregex_split(); instead, it is based on (and implemented directly on top of) the C++ split method.

Parameters
regexpThe compiled regular expression.
destFieldsAn array of mutable UText structs to receive the results of the split. If a field is NULL, a new UText is allocated to contain the results for that field. This new UText is not guaranteed to be mutable.
destFieldsCapacityThe number of elements in the destination array. If the number of fields found is less than destCapacity, the extra strings in the destination array are not altered. If the number of destination strings is less than the number of fields, the trailing part of the input string, including any field delimiters, is placed in the last destination string. This behavior mimics that of Perl. It is not an error condition, and no error status is returned when all destField positions are used.
statusA reference to a UErrorCode to receive any errors.
Returns
The number of fields into which the input string was split.
Stable:
ICU 4.6
int32_t uregex_start ( URegularExpression regexp,
int32_t  groupNum,
UErrorCode status 
)

Returns the index in the input string of the start of the text matched by the specified capture group during the previous match operation.

Return -1 if the capture group was not part of the last match. Group #0 refers to the complete range of matched text. Group #1 refers to the text matched by the first set of capturing parentheses.

Parameters
regexpThe compiled regular expression.
groupNumThe capture group number
statusA reference to a UErrorCode to receive any errors.
Returns
the starting (native) position in the input of the text matched by the specified group.
Stable:
ICU 3.0
int64_t uregex_start64 ( URegularExpression regexp,
int32_t  groupNum,
UErrorCode status 
)

64bit version of uregex_start.

Returns the index in the input string of the start of the text matched by the specified capture group during the previous match operation. Return -1 if the capture group was not part of the last match. Group #0 refers to the complete range of matched text. Group #1 refers to the text matched by the first set of capturing parentheses.

Parameters
regexpThe compiled regular expression.
groupNumThe capture group number
statusA reference to a UErrorCode to receive any errors.
Returns
the starting (native) position in the input of the text matched by the specified group.
Stable:
ICU 4.6
void uregex_useAnchoringBounds ( URegularExpression regexp,
UBool  b,
UErrorCode status 
)

Set whether this URegularExpression is using Anchoring Bounds for its region.

With anchoring bounds, pattern anchors such as ^ and $ will match at the start and end of the region. Without Anchoring Bounds, anchors will only match at the positions they would in the complete text.

Anchoring Bounds are the default for regions.

Parameters
regexpThe compiled regular expression.
bTRUE if to enable anchoring bounds; FALSE to disable them.
statusA pointer to a UErrorCode to receive any errors.
Stable:
ICU 4.0
void uregex_useTransparentBounds ( URegularExpression regexp,
UBool  b,
UErrorCode status 
)

Sets the transparency of region bounds for this URegularExpression.

Invoking this function with an argument of TRUE will set matches to use transparent bounds. If the boolean argument is FALSE, then opaque bounds will be used.

Using transparent bounds, the boundaries of the matching region are transparent to lookahead, lookbehind, and boundary matching constructs. Those constructs can see text beyond the boundaries of the region while checking for a match.

With opaque bounds, no text outside of the matching region is visible to lookahead, lookbehind, and boundary matching constructs.

By default, opaque bounds are used.

Parameters
regexpThe compiled regular expression.
bTRUE for transparent bounds; FALSE for opaque bounds
statusA pointer to a UErrorCode to receive any errors.
Stable:
ICU 4.0